Industrial waste is a term which refers to all waste resulting from industrial processing operations, usually produced by industries in the manufacturing, mining, chemical and engineering sectors. Typical examples of industrial waste include wood chips and sawdust, metal fragments or flakes, textile, plastic or paper waste, and more. The management of industrial waste defines and applies the strategies required to collect, treat and secure industrial waste, with a view to reducing final costs and in full compliance with the regulations established by law.
Why industrial waste management is important
Industrial waste management should be based on carefully defined and eco-friendly processes allowing the treatment of solid waste, special waste produced by companies. Such processes must comply with safety and efficiency constraints (both in economic and production terms). Sound industrial waste management is important for at least three reasons, which will be briefly described subsequently.
- It is eco-friendly
Poor industrial waste management can have disastrous effects on the environment and on ecosystems, such as the infiltration of toxic waste into the soil. Polluting chemical waste generated by the manufacturing industry or similar industrial processes could, i.e., flow into the water with very negative impacts on all forms of aquatic life. If ingested by fish, the concentration of certain chemical compounds in the organism can increase over time, causing significant damage to the entire food chain, including human beings. It is therefore important to adopt a sound industrial waste management policy, preventing such events from occurring.
- It protects human health
An inadequate industrial waste management can contribute to the increased occurrence of serious diseases, poisoning caused by bacteria or pollutants which have not been properly treated. Effective industrial waste management not only ensures that such situations do not arise, but also reduces the amount of industrial waste produced by industries.
- It complies with legal requirements
The legal aspect is important as well. In fact, companies are required by law to effectively manage and dispose of industrial waste produced by their own industrial processes. Businesses that fail to comply are liable for any damage to the environment or to people caused by such negligence.
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